The Zaporizhian Host takes a special place in the history of Ukraine.
Started as a self-defending power for Ukrainians, it has grown in a threatening military force which could increase in number a couple of times in a matter of days, a cohort of skillful and brave Slavic hero warriors.
They built fortifications downstream the Dnieper River rapids in the 16th century, and have relocated for 8 times within the 200-year history of their existence in the area of nowadays Zaporizhzhya, Dnipropetrovsk and Kherson. Cossacks have been basing in difficult to approach areas such as islands and peninsulas, and their citadels were named the Zaporizhian Sich, which literally means: “fortifications made of the chopped wood behind the river rapids”. It is supposed the very first Sich was located on the Mala Khortytsia Island nearby the Kakhovka Reservoir.
The Museum of the Zaporizhian Sich on the Khortytsia Island is not a sample of any Sich that existed in reality but is a reconstruction of the general image of the Zaporizhian Sich. The museum features an open-air exposition of Cossack architecture: church, garrison, house of koshovyi otaman (military leader), Cossack office, treasury, school, cannon armory, blacksmith shop, pottery and shynok (Cossack restaurant).