In the neighborhood of the most visited in the Crimea Marble Cave, in the mountain Range of Chatyr-Dag the Cave of Emine-Bair-Khosar nests at 125-meter depth. The subterranean kingdom of this pot-hole cave extends for over 2 kilometers.
The Cave was discovered by the speleologists in the beginning of the previous century, though the place was known by the local people long before it and was used by humans from the ancient times. The latter became evident from the cave’s findings, among which were the bones that belonged to a mammoth. The mammoth finding is rather unusual for the Crimea. In the humid and cold cave climate the whole skeleton of the animal was well preserved, with only scalp and the upper blades bones missing. Probably the cave was utilized as a trap for hunting for big animals, and the ancient hunters somehow have used a part of the mammoth only, leaving its body majorly untouched. Thus, there has appeared a new name of Emine-Bair-Khosar – the Mammoth’s Cave. Equally applied to the cave, the old Turkic name is translated as “a well on a slope by an oak-tree”.
There was cut the sloping passage through the rock to enable tourist visits to the Emine-Bair-Khosar Cave. Lighting, pathway, fencing are installed in Emine-Bair-Khosar for a better display. Due to preservation reasons, any visits to the lower galleries of the cave are prohibited for the next 2 decades, which leaves anyway a vast space for sightseeing in this beautiful and colorful cave.
A two-hour tour in Emine-Bair-Khosar would unveil long and narrow subterranean galleries, roomy and tiny halls with flowstone drapery, “flowers”, statues and sculptures.
The biggest and truly amazing Hall of Idols houses a gigantic 10-meter tall stalactite idol, statues of fairy tale creatures, the King and the Queen Chess pieces. Flowstone draperies are tinted in colors of brown, chocolate and orange; the walls are adorned with “flower buds” of stalactite crystals twinkling under a flashlight; huge columns connect the vault with the floor.
A 6-meter deep subterranean lake with transparent water dominates in the Lake Hall.
In the picturesque Treasury Hall you would see a niche with “jewelry” and enigmatic helictites with their chaotic and disobedient to the gravity laws straws.
The spacious Kecskemet Hall would impress with a colorful vault of rosy, a wall adorning of brown and cream with enormous milky jellyfish flowstones. This hall stores the eldest speleothems in the cave.
The Rosy Grotto amazes with gentle colors of pink and a 1.5-meter high milky white flowstone named the Monomakh’s Cap.
The equipped for visits lower part of the cave ends at the Hall of the Cave Mistress. Perched on the edge of the dried out waterfall, a speleothem reminds a fragile girl with a long braid.
Further, behind the immured narrow passage rests the kingdom of rare crystals and minerals. It took millions of years to create the beauty of the lower Emine-Bair-Khosar Cave, and having closed it for visits, the speleologists strive to save the subterranean treasure for the future generations.