The largest cave town of the Crimea crowns a plateau of the mountain-outlier Mangup in the Bakhchisaray region. Having been already inhabited by the Scythian and Sarmatian tribes in the 3rd century, the difficult to access plateau of Mangup has become a capital of the Goths’ Princedom and turned into a big town which has outgrown the fortification walls. In the 13th century it has turned into a capital of the later Byzantine Principality of Theodoro, and the Ottoman fortress in the end of the Mangup glorious history. The latter has originated the current name of the cave town - Mangup-Kale, which means in Turkish the “defeated fortress”. The Karaite community has become the last settlers of the town and has abandoned it in the end of the 18th century. The intense history of the place, the breathtaking beauty of the scenic mountains and valleys, the picturesque ruins of the citadel make Mangup-Kale the most desirable cave town to visit on the peninsula.
Thank you for all your help regarding my visit to the Ukraine. It was indeed a wonderful trip, even without hot water. I was sad to leave and look forward to returning.
I found the area surrounding Kyiv to be very beautiful. The people in Kyiv were very friendly and I have told my friends that the Ukrainian people are a very proud and kind people.
I took many photos and have placed them on our college's intranet for others to see. I believe I have more than 500 photos to distribute. I have attached several for you.
My friend, Natalyia, took me many places in Kyiv and Uman. I viewed Independence Center, St. Sophia Cathedral, St. Michael's Cathedral, our hotel was close to St. Andrew's church, I got to view the World War II war memorial, the Afghanistan War memorial, and many more wonderful sites.
Oksana, I believe you have a wonderful country and am happy I had an opportunity to visit, and look forward to visiting again, maybe Odessa next time. I heard much about your city also.
Again, thank you for your help, and please feel free to contact me if there is anything that I could do for Unipress.